How to propagate: Philodendron
The Philodendron is one of the easiest indoor plants out there. Originally the plant comes from the rainforest of South America and grows up along large plants and trees. The best thing about the plant is its leaves. Whatever species of the Philodendron, the leaf of the plant will never disappoint you. One of the most famous Philodendrons is the Monstera.
- Scissors or knife
- Glass, vase(s) or mug with water
- Optional: rooting hormone
Propagating a Philodendron in 4 steps
Step 1: Disinfect
First clean the knife you are might be using.
Keep the knife under hot water and clean them well. This prevents you from unnecessarily transferring bacteria during the propagation.
Do you happen to have disinfectant or pure alcohol? Disinfect the tools after the hot water. Let's get away with those bacteria and fungi!
Step 2: Take cuttings
Choose a nice stem. Does it happen to have an aerial root? That is ideal! You can cut off the stem from the plant 5 cm below the aerial root.
Doesn’t the plant have an aerial root where you would like to separate the plant from each other? Then cut the stem a bit oblique. There is a bigger chance that roots will grow on it, when you cut it oblique. Cuttings without an aerial root are therefore possible, but unfortunately not always successful.
Step 3: Apply rooting hormone
Do you happen to have rooting hormone at home? Then you can apply the rooting hormone to the ‘open wound’ of the cutting. Let the powder dry well!
Don’t have any rooting hormone? No problem. You can also easily propagate without. Although the use ofrooting hormone can stimulate root growth. So it is an interesting option to consider.
Step 4: Taking care of the cutting
Fill a vase or glass with water. Put the cutting(s) in the vase. Make sure the cutting is touching the water, but avoid that the leaves touch the water too. Leaves that touch the water can cause rot.
If the leaf is in contact with water, all the energy of the cutting will go to rotting leaf. So make sure to remove any leaves that are touching the water.
Change the water once a week. This way you keep the cutting healthy!
As soon as the cutting starts growing roots, you can plant the cutting in the soil. Roots will usually appear after 2-4 weeks.