How to care for: ZZ-plant (Zamioculcas Zamiifolia)
The Zamioculcas Zamiifolia is beginner-friendly. With its long stems covered in numerous round, plump, shiny leaves they certainly create a statement in any room. The Zamioculcas can usually be found on office shelves or waiting rooms displaying their glossy leaves that range from bright lime in their youth to emerald green in their maturity. Larger varieties can be found in pots near doorways or in empty corners.
Water once a week
How do you take care of a ZZ-plant?
The ZZ-plant likes to be placed in a spot with lots of light. It is best to place the plant in medium bright light or partial shade. The ZZ-plant prefers a spot next to a window on the west or east. A spot near the south is of course also possible. Make sure that the plant is at least 2 metres away from the window. Don't give ZZ-plants direct sunlight as the leaves won't tolerate the heat.
The ZZ-plant prefers a balanced level of moisture, not too wet nor too dry. Therefore, the best way to check if your plant needs water is to check the top centimeters of the soil. If it's dry, then you can water the plant. From spring to summer you can add some water every week. From autumn to winter every 2 weeks is enough.
The ZZ-plant uses a lot of energy from spring onwards to make new leaves. As a result, the plant needs extra nutrients. You can provide these nutrients by means of plant nutrition. We recommend giving plant nutrition once every month. From spring until autumn. After autumn and in winter it is better not to give extra nutrients. In the winter, plant nutrition can actually be harmful for the ZZ-plant!
Repotting the ZZ-plant isn't necessary every year. The plant is a slow grower, so its roots soon become too tight in the pot. We recommend repotting the plant every 2 to 3 years. This gives the plant new nutrients and more room for root growth. The airier soil is also very good for the water flowing through. The best period to repot is spring.
Results of the famous NASA research regarding houseplants that purify air, state that a ZZ-plant is able to remove ample amounts of toxins including xylene, toluene, and benzene from the surrounding air.
Is the ZZ-plant toxic?
ZZ-plants are poisonous. They contain calcium oxalate crystals that result in skin irritation or other serious issues like stomach pain. The crystals are especially harmful to pet dogs and cats, so keep them away from their reach.
Diseases and peculiarities
The ZZ-plant does not suffer from any diseases. Although pests can occur on all types of plants. It is therefore good to check the plant regularly. In case of vermin, you can always use a pesticide.
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Frequently asked questions about the ZZ-plant
How tall can a Zamioculcas get?
Zamioculcas plants are slow growers. They can grow up to 150 cm, but almost never reach this size as an indoor plant. However, reaching 90 cm should certainly be possible. The leaves can be 40 to 60 cm long.
Can a Zamioculcas bloom?
Yes, the Zamioculcas can certainly flower. But remember that a Zamioculcas usually only flowers when the plant has suffered from neglect. Flowering is therefore not always a good sign.
Can you propagate a Zamioculcas?
Yes, you certainly can. See our tips on how to propagate the ZZ-plant.