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The Zamioculcas can usually be found on office shelves or waiting rooms displaying their glossy leaves that range from bright lime in their youth to emerald green in their maturity. Larger varieties can be found in pots near doorways or in empty corners.
Zamioculcas Zamiifolia is most commonly known as the ZZ plant but goes by many other names, including: Zuzu plant, Zanzibar Gem Aroid palm, Eternity plant, and Emerald palm.
ZZ is a genus of flowering plants that belongs to the Araceae family. The family contains a single species named Zamioculcas Zamiifolia. This specie a few varieties based on a difference of leaf shape and length, which are:
Zamioculcas Zamiifolia is native to dry grassland and forests in Eastern Africa and can also be found in Tanzania, particularly Zanzibar, but it grows right across central Africa and the east coast. Its natural habitat consists of rocky soil in lowlands or the foothills of highlands.
A ZZ plant has thick stems, which along with the plant to store a significant amount of moisture. You can water it only when the soil seems dry, perhaps every 1-2 weeks.
It will forgive you if you underwater it, but not if you overwater it. Overwatering can cause root or stems to rot.
ZZ plants can survive even if you decide to not fertilize them at all. They are typically slow growers; therefore, feeding them with nutrients will boost healthy growth, but not a quick one.
Yet if you decide to feed them, use a balanced liquid houseplant fertilizer diluted to half its strength once or twice in the growing season. Avoid fertilizing the ZZ plant in the dormant winter season.
Results of the famous NASA research regarding houseplants that purify air, state that a ZZ plant is able to remove ample amounts of toxins including xylene, toluene, and benzene from the surrounding air.
ZZ plants are poisonous. They contain calcium oxalate crystals that result in skin irritation or other serious issues like stomach pain. The crystals are especially harmful to pet dogs and cats, so keep them away from their reach. For safety, wash your hands right after tending to the plant or wear gloves to minimize contact with it.
There are multiple ways through which you can propagate your ZZ plant, two of which are division and leaf or stem cuttings.
Cut the large bulb in two and simply repot the bulb. Although this method is easy and quick, it can be harmful as it allows the essential ripping of two parts of your plant from each other to result in a new plant. Also, it takes a lot of time for the bulb to grow back to its original size.
To do this, cut off a leaf taking a little bit of the stem with it. Next, put the cutting into the soil about 1 cm deep. Water the pot whenever the soil is dry, say every 2 weeks, and wait for it to establish roots. This method is less harmful but takes a lot of time to show results.